Veneers are very thin pieces of durable, tooth shaped porcelain that are custom made (for shape and color) by a professional dental laboratory. They are bonded onto the front of teeth to create a beautiful and attractive smile.
Veneers can completely reshape your teeth and smile. They can often be alternatives to crowns and the ideal solution in treating many dental conditions.
As with most dental restorations, veneers are not permanent and may someday need replacement. But of all the other restorations ,they are most durable and long lasting
To prepare a tooth for a veneer dentist will remove about 1/2 millimeter of enamel from the tooth surface, which is an amount nearly equal to the thickness of the veneer to be added to the tooth surface.
- Before trimming off the enamel, you and your dentist will decide the need for a local anesthetic to numb the area. Next, dentist will make a model or impression of your tooth. This model is sent out to a dental laboratory, which in turn constructs your veneer.
- It usually takes 1-2 weeks for your dentist to receive the veneers back from the laboratory. For very unsightly teeth, temporary dental veneers can be placed for an additional cost.
- Before the dental veneer is permanently cemented to your tooth, your dentist will temporarily place it on your tooth to examine its fit and color. He or she will repeatedly remove and trim the veneer as needed to achieve the proper fit; the veneer color can be adjusted with the shade of cement to be used. Next, to prepare your tooth to receive the veneer, your tooth will be cleaned, polished, and etched — which roughens the tooth to allow for a strong bonding process.
- A special cement is applied to the veneer and the veneer is then placed on your tooth. Once properly position on the tooth, your dentist will apply a special light beam
Unlike normal veneers, whereby the cosmetic dentist has to reduce the outer surface of your teeth by 0.5mm to 0.75 mm to create space for the veneer, Lumineers don’t require the tooth to be drilled because of their wafer thin structure. In some cases, tooth contouring may be necessary, but to a lesser extent.
- No drill
- No pain
Porcelain veneers are placed over the front of the teeth to change color ,size or shape of the teeth
Porcelain veneer are ideal for teeth that are too small ,too big or have uneven surfaces.
Dental veneer are very thin pieces of specially shaped,custom made porcelain with the cemented over front of your teeth with little or no anesthesia required .
Also know Composite bonding
The Composite bonding procedure allows us to change the shape and size of certain teeth.composite Resins are bonded to the teeth ,so they are suited to repairing teeth that have been chipped,broken or decayed.
Over the years teeth can become discolored due to factors as aging, illness,certain foods,smoking and poor oral hygiene requires teeth whitening.
- Home bleaching tray
- Zoom bleaching
LOOK BETTER And FEEL Better.The Results OF TOOTH WHITENING WILL AMAZE YOU
It is most popular and highly effective recommended method of lightening the natural colour of teeth without removing any tooth surface.
- the patients’ teeth being cleaned. Next,the gums and lips around the teeth are protected with a protective barrier. The Zoom gel is then applied and activated by a special light emitted from the Zoom lamp.
- After three to four cycles, depending on the whiteness desired, the protective gel is removed from the gums and you get a shinier whiter teeth. Patients are given a whitening home kit for maximum results, in order to maintain their new smile for the long term.
Step 1 : Isolation of soft tissues
Step 2 : Application of zoom whitening gel
Step 3 : Activation of gel by light
Step 4 : Final Result
Oral hygiene is paramount to providing your teeth and gums with along ,natural life.correct brushing and flossing can help prevent many dental problems,and can assist in keeping your smile fresh and bright.
Think of dental implants as metal anchors,usually of titanium,that are surgically placed in to the jaw bone to hold permanent replacement teeth or dentures.
Some of benefits of dental implants;
- Improved biting pressure
- Comfort and fit
- Longevity and reliability
- Increased self confidence
A denture is removable replacement for missing teeth and surrounding tissues .two types of dentures are available. Complete dentures and Partial dentures
COMPLETE DENTURES: They are used when all the teeth are missing ,while partial dentures are used when some natural teeth are present. These are again of two types CONVENTIONAL and IMMEDIATE. CONVENTIONAL DENTURES are made after teeth have been removed and gum tissue has begun to heal .Usually a conventional denture can be place dafter eight to twelve weeks after tooth is removed. Unlike conventional dentures ,IMMEDIATE DENTURES can be made in advance and be positioned as soon as teeth are removed .hence patient does not has to be without teeth during healing period. However they should be considered as temporary solution.
PARTIAL DENTURES: A removable partial dentures consists of replacement teeth attached to a pink or gum colored plate which is sometimes connected by metal framework.
Important points for Denture wearer
- It can take about one week for every decade old you are to get used to new dentures. It is important not to panic if they feel loose when you first get them- they should tighten up when they settle. Also your mouth learns to control them but this takes time.
- Often they will injure the gums a bit at first,– so if you get an ulcer, this does not mean that you cannot or will not be able to wear them – visit dentist and get them adjusted
- When you first get them talk as much as possible to get used to talking with them in.
- Practice counting from 65 up to 70 as these sounds can be the hardest to get used to. Remember that your tongue and cheeks etc. are suddenly being asked to move in a different way- give them a chance to learn!!
- You should usually take them out at night- but keep them in water. This will help your oral musculature to relax
- It is common for people to salivate more (which can affect speech) when they first get a denture .Eventually it reduces with time and practice.
WESSON TOOTH REMOVAL
Reasons for extracting teeth
A crowded mouth Sometimes dentists extract teeth to prepare the mouth for orthodontics The goal of orthodontics is to properly align the teeth, which may not be possible if your teeth are too big for your mouth.
Infection. If tooth decay or damage extends to the pulp and blood vessels — bacteria in the mouth can enter the pulp, leading to infection. If infection is so severe that antibiotics do not cure it, extraction may be needed to prevent the spread of infection.
Risk of infection. If your immune system is compromised (for example, if you are receiving chemotherapy or are having an organ transplant) even the risk of infection in a particular tooth may be reason to remove the tooth.
Gum disease. If periodontal disease — an infection of the tissues and bones that surround and support the teeth — have caused loosening of the teeth, it may be necessary to extract the tooth or teeth.
- It is normal for the area to be painful for the first few days, and in most cases simple over-the-counter pain relief is enough to ease any discomfort. Take painkillers as prescribed immediately
- Go home, take it easy for the rest of the day, and don’t exercise for at least 12 to 24 hours.
- After initial 24 hours you should gently rinse 4 times a day using warm salt water (1 teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water). after every meal and snack, making sure that the water removes any bits of food around the area where the tooth is missing.
- Avoid brushing near the extraction site for 3 4 days
- Stick to a liquid or soft food diet for the first day or two. Examples include soups, yoghurts, fruit milkshakes, smoothies, mashed potatoes, etc. A Vitamin C supplement may also be helpful. Avoid spicy foods, hot drinks and sodas for 3-4 days, to prevent irritation and burns
- If you’ve been prescribed antibiotics, follow the instructions and make sure you finish the course.
- Extraction of wisdom tooth can be followed sometimes by swelling .. On the day of the surgery, apply ice packs for 15 minutes on then 15 minutes off until bedtime. This will keep swelling to a minimum Moist heat after 36 hours may help jaw soreness.
- After removal of third molars, try to gently open and close your mouth to prevent trismus.
- Don’t be tempted to rinse the area for 24 hours after tooth removal.
- Avoid hot food or drinks until the numbing wears off. You cannot feel pain while you’re numb and may burn your mouth. Also take care not to accidentally bite your cheek!
- – keep your fingers and tongue away from the site of extraction
- Avoid sucking ,spitting, and blowing your nose (unless you have to). This is because positive or negative pressure could dislodge the blood clot.
- Try not to smoke for as long as possible afterwards, but at the very least for the rest of the day. Smoking can interfere with the healing process, and also the sucking motion could dislodge the blood clot.
- Avoid alcohol for 24 hours, as it could delay the healing process.
ROOT CANAL TREATMENT
The aim of the root canal treatment,also called endodentic treatment ,is to save a tooth that has been badly damaged due to decay ,disease or injury
Root canal treatment involves cleaning and shaping of each canal,placement of antibacterial medication and eventually filling the root canal and sealing the pulp chamber.
Repeated dental work to the tooth,infection or inflammation of the pulp can be caused by;
1) A deep cavity
2) Breakdown of filling or crown
4) Gum disease
5) Crack or chip the to
Endo=inside and Dont =teeth hence endodontic treatment is one which refers to the treatment of root canals which are hollow chambers inside the tooth containing Dental Pulp. Dental pulp consists of the blood vessels ,nerves and connective tisues.Endodontic or Root Canal treatment is needed when the pulp gets infected or inflamed.
- Decay in the tooth caused by microorganism
- Trauma to the teeth
- Fracture of the tooth
- Gum disease
SIGNS: Things to look for are pain, prolonged sensitivity to heat or cold techniques and swelling in surrounding gums etc.
When the tooth shows the above the sign then it becomes necessary to perform the endodontic treatment . During the root canal treatment the dentist removes infected pulp ,cleans the canal from inside and shapes it using special instruments called files and seals the chambers with a material called Gutta percha. Afterwards the tooth is restored with crown or high strength restoration so that it resumes the normal function like any other natural tooth in the oral cavity. With modern techniques and anaesthetics the pain during the procedure is minimal or totally painless.
CROWNS AND BRIDGES
Porcelain crowns are type of dental restorations which,when cemented in to place,fully cup over the portion of a tooth which lies at and above the gum line.
TYPE OF CROWNS
- METAL-this type of crown can be made of gold alloy Nickel or chromium alloy
- CERAMIC-ceramic crowns look like normal teeth and are ideal for use on the front
- PORCELAIN-fused to metal (PFM)- look like normal and can be used anywhere in the mouth.
PROCEDURE: The dentist reduces the size of teeth on which the crown is placed and an impression is taken which is then sent to dental lab. The dental technician fabricates the crown on the model poured out of impression and sends it back to the dentist .The dentist fixes the crown in the patient’s mouth using special cements. During the period till the crown comes from lab dentist gives a temporary crown bridge to the patient.